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William Morris and Red House

Red House Circle Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Edward Burne-Jones

Ford Madox Brown Lizzie Siddal

Janey Morris

Georgie Burne-Jones Marshall & Faulkner Others

The Red House Circle - Marshall & Faulkner

Peter Paul Marshall (1830-1900) (click left for information on Peter Paul Marshall)

Charles Faulkner (1833-92)

The present information is adapted from William Whyte, Oxford Dictionary of National Bibliography (this is a subscription site)

Charles Joseph Faulkner (picture opposite) , university teacher and associate of William Morris was the second son of Benjamin (a maltster and brewer) and his wife Ann and was born in Birmingham. He graduated (Pembroke College, Oxford) with a double first in mathematics and a further first in natural science. In 1856 he became a fellow at the University of Oxford, in 1857 a tutor in philosophy and a praelector a few years later. He served as bursar (1864-82), dean of degrees (1875-89), registrar (1866-82) and librarian (1884-9).

As an undergraduate he was part of the 'Set', later the Brotherhood and this group included Edward Burne-Jones, William Fulford, R.W. Dixon and William Morris. Burne-Jones wrote that 'Charley comes out tremendously strong on the roof with all kinds of quaint beasts and birds'. This artistic experience was repeated when he helped Morris decorate Red House.

Faulkner left Oxford in 1860 to join with his friends in Morris, Marshall and Faulkner, set up by William Morris as a firm of decorators. Faulkner was appointed as bookkeeper and business manager and though never a designer did, for instance, cut woodblock for Christina Rossetti's Goblin Market, paint the interior of St Martin-on-the-Hill in Scarborough and painted tiles for the firm. However, although fun, life in London was precarious and Faulkner returned to Oxford in 1864 to resume his teaching. The 'Firm' was wound up in 1875 and continued as Morris and Co under William Morris's sole ownership.

Morris and Faulkner were political allies and Faulkner joined the Eastern Question Association in 1876 and in 1883 invited Morris to a meeting in University College hall where Morris announced his conversion to socialism. Both joined the Socialist League in 1885, with Faulkner campainging, organising meetings and persuading the Radical Association to rename itself the Oxford Socialist League.

However, in 1888 Faulkner suffered a stroke and remained paralysed for three years, cared for, in London, by his sister Kate till his death in 1892.


Charles Faulkner


Marshal Faulkner


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